The voyage to St. Mary’s City

The students will use primary and secondary sources to discover why immigrants from Europe settled in the New World. The students will learn that European settlers wanted religious freedom and wanted to teach the Native Americans their religion, too. Students will then show their understanding of the push and pull factors for migrating to Maryland by taking on the role of an individual who migrated to St. Mary’s City and writing a diary entry from that person’s point of view.

Lesson Objective

Students will determine the push/ pull factors that influenced the early settlers’ decision to come to the New World by interpreting primary and secondary sources and by writing a diary entry.

Materials

  • Flipchart: The Voyage to St. Mary’s City
  • The flipchart includes: (secondary source) My Maryland: Her Story for Three Hundred Years (1633), Ginn and Company 1934, pp. 3 and 7; and (primary source) Diary Entry from Father Andrew White: 8- “The Vows and Prayers of Catholics” [Source: Voyage to Maryland (1633), Excerpts from Father Andrew White’s Diary Published by Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, INC copyright 1995 ]
  • Student copies of diary entry from Father Andrew White with guiding questions
  • Student copies of diary assessment

Procedure

  1. Using The Voyage to St. Mary’s City Flipchart, have students locate England and Maryland on the world map.
  2. Have students locate St. Mary’s City on the Maryland map.
  3. Review the definitions of primary and secondary sources.
  4. Activate background knowledge: Ask students, “Based on what you know about immigration today, why do you think settlers left their homeland?” Also ask, “Why do you think they settled here?”
  5. Display secondary source: 1633, Source: My Maryland: Her Story for Three Hundred Years, Ginn and Company 1934, pp. 3
  6. Do a close reading together, highlighting and discussing why the settlers came to Maryland.
  7. Display primary source: Diary Entry from Father Andrew White: 8- “The Vows and Prayers of Catholics” [Source: Voyage to Maryland (1633) Excerpts from Father Andrew White’s Diary Published by Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, INC copyright 1995]. Read through the original diary entry together, and then look at the modern English version. Hand out student copies of the diary entry and have students work in small groups to do a close reading of the text. Using the guiding questions at the bottom of the sheet, students determine why the settlers left their homeland, why they settled in St. Mary’s City, and what their journey was like.

Assessment

Students take on a role of an individual who migrated to St. Mary’s from Europe in 1634. They write a diary entry that describes who they are and why they are leaving Europe to come to America.

References

Manakee, Beta Ennis Kaessmann, Harold R. Manakee, and Joseph Lewis Wheeler. My Maryland: Her Story for Three Hundred Years for Boys and Girls. Boston: Ginn, 1934.

White, Andrew, Barbara Lawatsch-Boomgaarden, and J. IJsewijn. Voyage to Maryland (1633) = Relatio Itineris in Marilandiam. Wauconda, Ill: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 1995.